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Apr
26
IRES Lunch Seminar - Matthew Curtis, ULB
By IRES Lunch Seminar

Matthew Curtis

ULB

will give a presentation on

Cultural Inheritance and the European Marriage Pattern

Abstract:

Eric Turkheimer famously stated as a Law "All human behavioral traits are heritable.'' But this poses a puzzle for pre-industrial demographic systems, such as the European Marriage Pattern, where individuals made behavioral choices that limited fertility. Why were these behaviors not replaced over time with those that generated higher fertility? Some have argued the solution to this puzzle is that limited fertility in the first generation was actually maximal fertility in subsequent generations. But we show that there was no fertility penalty to future generations from higher fertility in the initial generation in both England and Quebec. Here we argue instead that the European Marriage Pattern survived for more than 500 years because, for pre-industrial fertility behavior, Turkheimer's Law does not hold. Even though at the social level fertility limiting behaviors transmitted strongly, there was scant familial inheritance of fertility behaviors. So fertility enhancing deviations did not get transmitted across generations, and the European Marriage Pattern could persist indefinitely.

co-authored with Gregory Clark and Neil Cummins

Date
26 April
Time
12:45 - 13:45
Location
AGOR 03
19 Agora
Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Région Wallonne Belgique
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